PartⅠ Writing (答题时间30分钟)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic “Advertising”. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.
You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
PartⅡ listening comprehension
Section A (three news reports)略
Section B (two long conversations)略
Section C (three passages)略
PartⅢ reading comprehension(答题时间共40分钟)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one wordfor each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read thepassage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank isidentified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on AnswerSheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in thebank more than once.
Questions 26 to 35 are based on the following passage.
Wise buying is a positive way in which you can make your money go fuller.The way you go about purchasing an article or a service can actually 26 you money or can add to the cost.Take the 27 example of a hairdryer, If you are buying a hairdryer，you might think that you are making the 28 buy if you choose one whose look you like and which is also the cheapest 29 price.But when you get it home you may find that it takes twice as long as a more expensive 30 to dry your hair.The cost of the electricity plus the cost of your time could well make your hairdryer the most expensive one of all.
So what principles should you 31 when you go out shopping? If you keep your home.your car or any valuable 32 in excellent condition，you’11 be saving money in the long run.Before you buy a new 33 ，talk to someone who owns one.If you can.use it or borrow it to check it suits your particular purpose.Before you buy an expensive 34 ，or a service，do check the price and what is on offer.If possible.choose 35 three items or three estimates.
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Eachstatement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraphfrom which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once.Each paragraph is marked with a letter.Answer the questions by marking thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.
Deborah Kenny's "Born to Rise" Tells Story of Harlem Village Academies
A) Deborah Kenny, CEO of the Harlem Village Academies, is frustrated with the nation's current education system. Unlike most, though, she decided to do something about it. Part declaration part record, her book Born to Rise writes down her journey toward creating and running her own system of progressive charter schools in Harlem in New York City.
What is your educational philosophy?
B) We want our students to receive the same high-quality education as students who are privileged to attend the best private schools in the country. Personally, I believe a progressive education is superior as long as it's delivered by really smart, talented teachers who know how to execute well. It's a sophisticated approach that really only works well in the hands of a really sophisticated educator. We're dealing with a little bit of a challenge because students enter this school from the regular public system. And when they enter in fifth grade, they're not yet well-trained in the basics reading, writing, and math--which means that we have to catch them up on basic math skills, on the 'basics of writing. And many of them come in at a kindergarten, first, second-grade level in reading. So we have to accelerate their mastery of the basics, but we reject the idea that if you do that you can't teach that at a high level. We push ourselves constantly to think about how we can make sure that our students will catch up while we teach at the highest possible level. It means asking difficult, delicate questions, not accepting an answer that is not backed up by evidence, the kinds of things that you would expect to see in the best private schools. We aim for a high level in rich discussions where the students are asked to analyze a challenging text and where the teacher does not accept just any answer simply because the student is behaving. What makes the Harlem Village Academies different?
C) First of all, I have to say what we have in common with other charter schools because we have learned so much from them: creating an expectation that all students will attend college, naming classrooms after colleges, the longer school day, the longer school year. I feel it's important to give credit where credit is due because I learned from them. In those early years when I opened the school, most of these other schools bad been around for seven years, ten years, some of them even longer.
D ) As far as what makes us different, I'll tell you what the teachers say: teachers tell us that the level of professionalism and passion for teaching at a high level and teaching above the test, not to the test, and working in an environment, where everybody is trusted to do their job and continually learning--there's this incredible culture of learning. There's this incredible workplace culture where the adults are continually becoming better and learning more about how to become a better lead her. The teachers get to make all of the decisions 'about their own professional development rather than being enforced to at tend the training. They are treated like professional-grade' doctors and lawyers at the. Highest level. They actually make the decisions not only about what books to use and what teaehing methed, but even about what their own professional development Ioukslike.There's a very clear set of standards far what the students need to know and be "able to do at the end of each year and quarter, and we hold people accountable for that end goal. But we give them complete freedom to decide how they're going to achieve it, which is how all professionals are treated. Unfortunately, it's not how most teachers are treated inthis country. Most teachers are treated like factory workers, where there's a hig set ofrules on how they have to do everything.
What does the curriculum look like at Harlem Village Academy schools?
E) It looks like a classic liberal-arts curriculum, where math, reading, and writing are not the only subjects taught. Even if the state focuses its testing on those things, we do not let the state dictate our curriculum. We are interested in a rich curriculum that includes art and music and seience and social studies and a wide variety of electives, and character education is integrated throughout.
How do you address the criticisms people have regarding charter schools?
F) I'd say that the .main criticisms are stemming from the fact that in a charter system the teachers are not unionized, and they're treated as professionals instead of as manual laborers. The charter movement is challenging the current situation, it's eoming along and saying we used to completely change the underlying premiere ( 前提) of how we go about public education. Parents should be able to choose the scherzi. We should give power to all parents, regardless of socioeonomie level, to choose where they send their child, and that creates market competition: if you have an amazing school with caring teachers and great results, parents are going to ~ant to choose that school. The charter movement is putting the needs of children first anti is holding teachers accountable. It ehalleuges the notion of tenure (终身教职), where there's no accountability at all.
What's next for you and the Harlem Village Academies?
G) We are going to triple (增至三倍) in size in the next twn years. We will have a full K -12 system. We're starting two new elementary schools, we will be serving 2,000 children, but we are not eager to grow super-big. We want to use the platform of what we' re learned and the results that we've produced--that ant teachers have produced--to have an ational influence on policy and on teaching methods. The laws that govern how school srun constrain the ability of the printcipal to run the school well. They're not allowed to build a team. And building a team where teachers are trusted, happy and cooperative is really the foundation for an excellent school. So we want to find a way to get our message out nationally and continue to be part of the movement.
36. In the Harlem Village Academies. teachers can decide themselves how they are going to achieve the teaching objectives.
37. The charter movement challenges the tenure system in making children's needs apriority and holding, teachers responsible.
38 The Harlem Village Academies will be able to enroll 2,000 ehildren in the next twoyears
39. Deborah Kenny admits that she learns a lot from other charter schools.
40. The curriculum at Harlem Village Academies not only includes the subjects frequentlytested.
41. The Harlem Village Academies are eager to exert a national influence on policy and teaching methods.
42. Students entering the Harlem Village Academies are from the regular public system.
43. Deborah Kenny decides to create and run the Harlem Village Academies because sheis disappointed about the current education system.
44. Charter schools are mainly criticized for treating the teachers as professionals.
45. One of the challenges facing the Harlern Village Academies is how to accelerate students' mastery of the basics.
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions orunfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C andD . You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on AnswerSheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.
Sign has become a scientific hot button.Only in the past 20 years have specialists in language study realized that signed languages are unique—a speech of the hand.They offer a new way to probe how the brain generates and understands language，and throw new light on an old scientific controversy：whether language，complete with grammar，is something that we are born With，or whether it is a learned behavior. The current interest in sign language has roots in the pioneering work of one rebel teacher at Gallaudet University in Washington，D. C.，the world‘s only liberal arts university for deaf people.
When Bill Stokoe went to Gallaudet to teach English，the school enrolled him in a course in signing. But Stokoe noticed something odd： among themselves，students signed differently from his classroom teacher.
Stokoe had been taught a sort of gestural code，each movement of the hands representing a word in English.At the time，American Sign Language (ASL) was thought to be no more than a form of pidgin English (混杂英语)。But Stokoe believed the “hand talk”his students used looked richer.He wondered：Might deaf people actually：have a genuine language? And could that language be unlike any other on Earth?It was 1955，wheneven deaf people dismissed their signing as“substandard”。 Stokoe‘s idea was academic heresy (异端邪说)。
It is 37 years later.Stokoe—now devoting his time to writing and editing books and journals and to producing video materials on ASL and the deaf culture—is having lunch at a cafe near the Gallaudet campus and explaining how he started a revolution. For decades educators fought his idea that signed languages are natural languages like English，French and Japanese.They assumed language must be based on speech，the modulation (调节)of sound.But sign language is based on the movement of hands，the modulation of space.“What I said ”Stokoe explains “is that language is not mouth stuff—it‘s brain stuff.”
Choose correct answers to the question：
46.The study of sign language is thought to be ________.
A.a new way to look at the learning of language
B.a challenge to traditional， views on the nature of language
C.an approach： to simplifying the grammatical structure of a language
D.an attempt to clarify misunderstanding about the origin of language
47.The present growing interest in sign language was stimulated by _______.
A.a famous scholar in the study of the human brain
B.a leading specialist in the study of liberal arts
C.an English teacher in a university for the deaf
D.some senior experts in American Sign Language
48.According to Stokoe， sign language is ________.
A.a Substandard language
B.a genuine language
C.an artificial language
D.an international language
49.Most educators objected to Stokoe‘s idea because they thought ________.
A.sign language was not extensively used even by deaf people
B.sign language was too artificial to be widely accepted
C.a language should be easy to use and understand
D.a language could only exist in the form of speech sounds
50.Stokoe‘s argument is based on his belief that ________.
A.sign language is as efficient as any other language
B.sign language is derived from natural language
C.language is a system of meaningful codes
D.language is a product of the brain
Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.
Engineering students are supposed to be examples of practicality and rationality，but when it comes to mycollege education I am an idealist and a fool.In high school I wanted to be an electrical engineer and，of course，any sensible student with my aims would have chosen a college with a large engineering department，famous reputation and lots of good labs and research equipment. But that‘s not what I did.
I chose to study engineering at a small liberal-arts(文科)university that doesn‘t even offer a major in electrical engineering. Obviously，this was not a practical choice;I came here for more noble reasons. I wanted a broad education that would provide me with flexibility and a value system to guide me in my career.I wanted to open my eyes and expand my vision by interacting with people who weren’t studying science orengineering. My parents，teachers and other adults praised me for such a sensible choice.They told me I was wise and mature beyond my 18 years，and I believed them.
I headed off to college sure I was going to have an advantage over those students who went to big engineering “factories” where they didn‘t care if you have values or were flexible. I was going to be a complete engineer：technical genius and sensitive humanist(人文学者)all in one.
Now I‘m not so sure.Somewhere along the way my noble ideals crashed into reality，as all noble ideals eventually do.After three years of struggling to balance math，physics and engineering courses with liberal-arts courses，I have learned there are reasons why few engineering students try to reconcile(协调) engineering with liberal-arts courses in college.
The reality that has blocked my path to become the typical successful student is that engineering and the liberal arts simply don‘t mix as easily as I assumed in high school.Individually they shape a person in very different ways;together they threaten to confuse. The struggle to reconcile the two fields of study is difficult.
Choose correct answers to the question：
51.The author chose to study engineering at a small liberal-arts university because he ________.
A.intended to be a combination of engineer and humanist
B.wanted to be an example of practicality and rationality
C.intended to be a sensible student with noble ideals
D.wanted to coordinate engineering with liberal-arts courses in college
52.According to the author，by interacting with people who study liberal arts， engineering students can ________.
A.broaden their horizons
B.become noble idealists
C.receive guidance in their careers
D.balance engineering and the liberal arts
53.In the eyes of the author，a successful engineering student is expected ________.
A.to be imaginative with a value system to guide him
B.to be a technical genius with a wide vision
C.to have an excellent academic record
D.to be wise and mature
54.The author‘s experience shows that he was ________.
55.The word“they”in“together they threaten to confuse.”(Line 3，Para. 5) refers to ________.
A.practicality and rationality
B.engineering and the liberal arts
C.reality and noble ideals
D.flexibility and a value system
Part IV Translation ( 答题时间30分钟 )
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese intoEnglish. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.
PartⅠ Writing 答案
A certain amount of advertising is of an informative kind, the aim simply being to let consumers know what goods and services are available—“consumer education” as it is sometimes called. Most advertising, however, is of a persuasive or competitive kind, the aim of which is to persuade people to buy one thing rather than something else.
Advertising is a selling cost particularly associated with imperfect competition. Advertising is a way of marketing goods. In the sale of branded goods, advertising is essential in order to try to impress on consumers that one maker's brand is superior to all others, although in fact the only difference between brands may sometimes be in their trade marks and labels.
Any producer with some degree of monopoly, however slight, will generally find it more advantageous to advertise his products widely and at considerable expense rather than cut his prices.
PartⅢ reading comprehension 分值说明
1、选词填空一篇 5% 10个题，每小题3.55分
2、长篇阅读一篇 10% 10个题，每小题7.1分。
3、仔细阅读 20% 10个题 共2篇，一篇5个题，每小题14.2分。
Section A 答案解析
28.【解析】C。如果你要买一个吹风机，当你选了一个外观你非常喜欢而且价格又是最便宜的，你可能会认为你买了最好的东西。Make the best buy即是说买了最好的东西。
29.【解析】I。以怎样的价格用固定短语in price。最便宜的价格就是the cheapest in price。
30.【解析】 K。此空填名词作不定式的主语。当你把它买回家，你才发现相较于较贵型号的吹风机，它要花两倍的时间来吹干你的头发。amore expensive model更贵的一款。
31.【解析】 N。此空填动词作谓语与principles构成搭配。那么你外出购物时应该采用什么样的原则呢?adopt principles“采用原则”，principles需要用adopt来搭配。
Section B 答案解析
36.D).【题干译文】在哈勒姆村庄学校，老师们可以自己决定如何完成教学目标。【定位】由题千巾的Harlem Village Academics，teachers can decide themselves以及objectives定位到原文D)段倒数第三、四句：There’s a very clear set of standards for what the students need to know and be able to do at the end of cach year and quarter.and we hold people accountable for that end goal;But We give them I complete freedom to decides how they’re going to achieve it，…
【精解】由定位句可知，哈勒姆村庄学校对学生们到年末和季末需要掌握的知识有着明确标准，老师们负责达成这些目标，但是在达成目标的手段方面，老师们有绝对的自由。题干中的Call decide themselves和achieve the teaching objectives分别对应定位句中的give them complete freedom to decide和achieve it，故答案为D)。
【定位】由题干中的charter movement和tenure system定位到原文F)段最后两句：The Charter movement is putting the needs of children first and is holding teacher>accountable.It challenges the notion of tenure(终身教职).where there’s no accountability at all.
【精解】由定位句可知，公办民营学校优先考虑学生的需要，让老师承担其责任.这与老师原来的“终身教职”的概念不同。题干中的making children’s needs a priority和holding teachers responsible分别对应原文中的putting the needs of children first和holding teachers accountable，故答案为F)。
【定位】由题干中的2，000 children in the next two years定位到原文G)段第一句，
We are going to triple(增至三倍)in size in the next two years.和第三句：we’re starting two new elementary schools，we will be servin9 2，000 children...
【精解】定位句提到，哈勒姆村庄学校未来两年内规模将扩大三倍。后面的二、三句均是在补充说明第一句，具体描述规模扩大的程度，其中第三句提到，哈勒姆村庄学校将新建两所小学，届时将能接收2000名学生。题干中的will be able to enroll 2.000 children对应原文中的we will be servin9 2，000 children，题干中的in the next two years对应G)段第一句，故答案为G)。
【定位】由题干中的Deborah Kenny和learns a lot from other charter schools定位到原文c)段第一句：First of all，I have to say what we have in common with other charter schools because we have learned so much from them...
【精解】由定位句可知，黛博拉•肯尼认为哈勒姆村庄学校与其他公办民营学校有相似之处，因为这些学校给予黛博拉•肯尼许多参考之处。题干中的learns a lot对应原文中的learned SO much，故答案为c)。
【定位】由题干中的curriculum at Harlem Village Academies和tested定位到原文E)段第一句：It looks like a classic liberal—arts curriculum，where math，readin9.and writing are not the only subjects taught.Even if the state focuses its testing on those things，we do not let the state dictate our curriculum.
【精解】由定位句可知，数学、阅读和写作是经常被测试的科目，但哈勒姆村庄学校不是只包含这些科目，他们不会让考试牵着鼻子走。题干中的not only includes the subject frequently tested是对原文中are not the only subjects taught和do not let the state dictate our curriculum的同义转述，故答案为E)。
【定位】由题干中的a national influence on policy and teaching methods定位到原文G)段第四句：We want to use the platform of what we’ve learned and the results that we’re produced--that our teachers have produced--to have a national influence On policy and on teaching methods.
【精解】由定位句可知，哈勒姆村庄学校并不急于扩张，而是要利用已有的平台和成果，在政策和教学方法方面产生全国性的影响。题干中的eager对应原文中的want;exert a national influence对应原文中的have a national influence，故答案为G)。
【定位】由题干中的Harlem Village Academies和regular public system定位到原文B)段第四句：We’re dealing with a little bit of a challenge because students enter this school from the regular public system.
【定位】由题干中的Deborah Kermy decides to create and ran the Harlem Village Academies和current education system定位到原文A)段前两句：Deborah Kenny，CEO of the Harlem Village Academies，is frustrated with the nation’s current education system.Unlike most，though，she decided to do something about it.
【精解】由定位句可知，黛博拉•肯尼对现行教育制度感到失望，与多数人不同的是，她决定有所行动。结合全文可知，她的行动就是创办哈勒姆村庄学校。题干中的is disappointed about对应原文中的is frustrated with，其他的内容与原文一致，故答案为A)。
【定位】由题干中的Charter schools are nminly criticized和professionals定位到原文F)段第一句：I'd say that the main criticisms are stern rning from the fact that in a charter system the teachers able not unionized，and they’re treated as professionals instead of as manual laborers.
【精解】由定位句可知，对于这一新兴的教育体系的大多数批评来自于一个事实，即这里把老师当作职业人士，而不是体力劳动者。题干中的are mainly criticized for对应原文中的main criticisms are stemming from，故答案为F)。
【定位】由题干中的challenges，Harlem Village Academies和mastery of the basics定位到原文B)段第七句：So we have to accelerate their mastery of the basics，but we reject the idea that if you do that you Can’t teach that at a high level.
Section C Passage One 答案解析
46.[B] 从文章第3句“手语提供了一种新方法，用以探索大脑如何产生和理解语言，并为一个长期以来的科学争端——语言(连同语法)究竟是我们与生俱来的，还是一种我们后天学会的行为——提出了新的解释”可以看出，这是对语言的性质的传统观点的挑战，即B .A错在learning，文章并不是在讨论语言的学习，而是语言的产生和理解;C为简单原词干扰D;中的an attempt to clarify misunderstanding是对throw new light on an old scientific controversy的曲解，因为controversy不等于misunderstanding.另外，第1段最后一句中的rebel“反叛”一词也与B中的“挑战”一致。
47.[C] 根据第1段最后一句可知，选C.题干中的was stimulated相当于原文中的has roots in.
48.[B] 根据第3段第2—4句以及最后一段第3句，可知B为答案。前者提出猜想(Might deaf people actually have a genuine language?)，后者含有一个同位语 his idea that signed languages are natural languages.
49.[D] 根据最后一段第4句，可知D正确。D中的only exist in the form of speech sounds是对原文中be based on speech的同义表达。
50.[D] 根据文章最后一句，可知D正确。D中的a product of the brain是对原文中brain stuff的同义表达。B中的derived from错误，因为Stokoe认为sign language就是一种natural language.
Section C Passage Two 答案解析
55.[B] 词义理解题。they—般指代前一句话中的复数名词，根据最后一段的第1、2句“…engineering and the liberal arts simply don‘t mix as easily…together they threaten to confuse”可以推断，they指的是engineering and the liberal arts.
Part IV Translation ( 30 minutes ) 汉译英 15%=106.5分
Chinese cuisine is a general term for the variousfoods from diverse regions and ethnic groups ofChina.It also refers to cooking styles originating fromChina.With a long history, Chinese cuisine has anumber of different genres,the main representativesof which are "Eight Cuisines".Every cuisine is distinctive from one another due to thedifferences in climate,geography, history,cooking techniques and lifestyle.Chinese cuisinecontains a rich variety of seasonings,which is one of main factors contributing to differentlocal special dishes.Chinese cuisine lays emphasis on the perfect combination ofcolor,flavor,and taste,and the soul of the dishes in taste.Chinese cuisine culture is extensiveand profound,and Chinese cuisine,one of the Three World Cuisines,enjoys a reputation homeand abroad.
1.第一句话的汉语由两个分句组成，句子较长，在译成英文时，可把它拆分成两句。“也指发源于中国的烹饪方式”可单独译成一句also refers to cooking styles originating fromChina，这样可以更好的体现两句的并列关系。
2.第二句话由三个分句组成。翻译时将“中国菜流派众多”译为主句，“历史悠久”用with a history of...来表达，“主要代表菜系有…”则用非限制性定语从句表示。这样可以使译文结构紧凑，句式多样。
3.第三句中的“风格各异”可以用be distinctive from表达，比用have different styles更地道。
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