对话中对话者对他们谈论的人或事持什么观点或态度往往含而不露，考生只能根据对话内容的关键词、上下文甚至语气、语调的内涵意义并利用逻辑思维能力来进行判断，才能对传递的信息进行比较深层次的理解。具体表达观点、态度时，可能出现的模式有：间接表达式，不明说赞成或反对;反问否定式，常委婉地表示质疑和反对;委婉谢绝式，先表示肯定、赞成、谢意等，随后说出真实看法;看似否定实为肯定式，如 why not, I can’t agree any more 等。
How does the man/woman feel about...?
What does the man/woman think of...?
What does the man/woman say about...?
What does the man/woman mean?
Where does the conversation probably take place?
Where is the woman going?
Where are the two speakers?
在这类考题中，选项大部分是表示地点场所的名词，同时需注意这些名词前的介词，如in a bank, in a dining-room, at the airport, at home, on the desk, on the floor等，这些介词对判断场所非常有帮助。另外，考生应集中注意力去捕捉那些“关键词”，抓住了“关键词”，做题就容易多了。以下是一些常考的地点及相关词，也就是刚才提及的“关键词”，需重点记忆：
学校(school)：required course, elective course, quiz, professor, thesis, make-up, credits, master, dormitory, department, lecture, essay, bookshelf, application form, entrance.
旅馆(hotel)：reception, book, reservation, tip, check in, single room, double room.
饭店(restaurant)、酒吧(bar)：menu, bill, drink, dessert, soup, steak, beer, appetizer, barbecue, cheese, cream, roast, beer, drink, wine, cafeteria, dining, saloon, pub, snack, bar, recipe.
商店(department store)：supermarket, dress, color, style, fashion, price, bargain, reasonable.
医疗(medical treatment)：doctor, nurse, patient, surgery, operation, medicine, dose, pill, temperature, headache, sore throat, bad cold, fever, cough, stomachache, heart disease, cancer.
火车(railway)、汽车(motor)、飞机(airplane)等交通设施：platform, traffic jam, airport, arrival time, departure, ticket agent, take off, board, land, flight, airlines, freight, passport, visa.
1. What does the woman mean?
[A] She knows the guy who will give the lecture.
[B] She thinks the lecture might be informative.
[C] She wants to add something to her lecture.
[D] She’ll finish her report this weekend.
2. Who are the two speakers?
[A] Teacher and student.
这种题型出现的频率很高，其特征是：第一个说话人所说的不是十分重要;第二个说话人的答话由两部分组成：先是一个简单的短句，紧接着是一个较长的句子，短句与长句之间常用but, though, however等转折意思的词语连接，从而引起的作者态度及谈论重点的变化。
Who is the man/woman?
What is the man’s/woman’s job/profession/occupation?
What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?
Who is the man/woman most probably speaking to?
老师和学生(teacher and student)：grade, mark, score, term, course, assignment, pass, fail, scholarship, tuition, campus, dormitory, lab, experiment...
医生和病人(doctor and patient)：fever, cough, cold, headache,injection, prescription, diagnose, temperature, medicine, blood pressure, heart disease, flu, surgery...
侍者和顾客(waiter/waitress and customer)：menu, order, reserve, steak, ham, salad, soup, coffee, juice, hamburger, sandwiches, buffet, bar, brandy, whisky, dessert, tip...
司机和乘客(driver and passenger)：taxi, fare, get off, change, tip, destination...
老板和秘书(boss and secretary)：typing, operating, copy, files, document, report, telephone, appointment, timetable, arrangement...
What does the man/woman imply?
What can be inferred from the conversation?
What do we learn about the man/woman/conversation?
以上的四期节目我们归纳了短对话部分试题所涉及的类型，也许目前你还是有听不懂的地方，it’s not a big deal, 正因如此，我们才需要不断学习。重要的是你要养成一种灵活运用自己听到的信息并大胆进行推测的习惯。请参考录音原文再听一遍对话，确信自己对于细节部分都可以听出来了，然后自己随着录音跟读一次。
6.What does the man imply about Mary?
[A] She won’t be able to come. [B] She’s not going to graduate.
[C] She has a week to do the work. [D] She’ll visit her sister in a week.
According to the passage, when/where/who/what/why/how did...?
Which of the following adjectives best describes...?
Which of the following (statements)is true/ not true?
Which of the following is mentioned/not mentioned?
What are the two speakers talking about?
What are the two speakers doing?
What is the talk/dialogue about?
What’s the topic of the passage?
How does the man...?
Where is the woman going?
Which of the following is right/ture?
Why did the speaker...?
What is the main idea/topic/subject/chief purpose of this passage?
What is the best title for this passage?
What does the passage tell us essentially?
What is the subject they are talking about?
What did the speaker mainly discuss/talk about?
What will be dealt with in the following paragraph?
What does the passage probably imply at the end?
What can we learn/infer from the passage?
What does the author impiy by saying?
What does the story imply?
Questions 1——4 are based on a short story.
1. How do the housewives learn about the offer of free groceries?
[A] On the radio. [B] At the supermarket.
[C] From the manager. [D] From their friends.
2. What did Mrs. Edwards want very much?
[A] Get a basket of free goods. [B] Meet the manager.
[C] Get a free basket. [D] Fill all her cupboards.
3. Why did Mrs. Edwards go back to the supermarket after she had finished shopping one day?
[A] Because she had to meet the manager.
[B] Because she had to buy one more thing.
[C] Because she had to find her shopping.
[D] Because she had to pay for her shopping.
4. Which of the following words best describes Mrs. Edwards feeling at the end of this story?
[A] Embarrassed. [B] Disappointed.
[C] Delighted. [D] Proud.
All the housewives who went to the supermarket had one great ambition: to be the lucky customer who did not have to pay for her shopping. For this was what the notice just inside the entrance promised. It said:“Remember, once a week, one of our customers gets free groceries. This may be your lucky day!”
For several weeks Mrs. Edwards hoped, like many of her friends, to be the lucky customer. Unlike her friends, she never gave up hope. The cupboards in her kitchen were full of things, which she did not need. In vain her husband tried to dissuade her. She dreamed of the day when the manager of the supermarket would approach her and say:“Madam, this is your lucky day. Everything in your basket is free.”
One Friday morning, after she had finished her shopping and had taken it to her car, she found that she had forgotten to buy tea. She dashed back to the supermarket, got the tea and went towards the cash desk. As she did so, she saw the manager of the supermarket approach her. “Madam,” he said, holding out his hand,“I want to congratulate you! You are the lucky customer and everything in your basket is free! ”
答案：1.B 2.A 3.B 4.B
Questions 1——4 are based on a conversation between Irene, a secreatary and her boss Mr. Jerome S. Buck.
1. How long will the sales conference in London last?
[A] Form Tuesday to Wednesday. [B] Form Tuesday to Thursday.
[C] Form Wednesday to Thursday. [D] Form Thursday to Friday.
2. What are they going to discuss at the meeting on Friday morning?
[A] The trade in Scotland. [B] The industry in Scotland.
[C] The new factory in Scotland. [D] The site of their new plant in Soctland.
3. Where is Mr. Buck going to see Mr. Chambery, the European Manager?
[A] In London. [B] In Paris. [C] In Rome. [D] In Madrid.
4. Why must Mr. Buck be back on Friday?
[A] It’s his daughter’s birthday. [B] It’s his son Sharon’s birthday.
[C] It’s his wife’s birthday. [D] It’s his friend Sharon’s birthday.
M：I think we’d better go over my schedule, Irene. I’m going to have a look at our European operation, as you know, and as I’ll be visiting a number of countries, I’d like you to make the bookings.
W：Right, Mr. Buck. I’ll take down the details.
M：Well, I’m leaving on Tuesday, April 15th, for London. I’m going to attend a sales conference for our British representatives. That runs through Wednesday and Thursday, and then there’s a reception at Canada House on Thursday evening.
W：Are you going to meet the Ambassador, then?
M：I guess so. But the main thing is that on Friday morning, I have a meeting with the British Minister of Trade and Industry. We’ re going to discuss the site of our new plant in Scotland.
W：So when are you leaving for Paris?
M：First flight on Saturday morning. I’m planning to meet my wife there. She’s going to fly over direct, arriving in the afternoon. Then we’ll have a relaxed weekend before I see Mr. Chambery, the European Manager, on Monday. So from Paris on, I’ll need a double room.
W：How long are you going to stay in Paris, Mr. Buck?
M：Only till Monday evening. I’m going to Rome to see our plant there on Tuesday, and on Wednesday I’m due in Madrid to inspect the new factory.
W：And that’s the last item on the agenda. So when are you coming back? Are you going to fly form Madrid?
M：Yes, on the first plane out on Thursday. We must be back on Friday, the 25th. It’s my daughter Sharon’s birthday.
答案：1.C 2.D 3.B 4.A