违法和不良信息举报 客服热线:400-111-9811

2017年中国社会科学院考博英语真题

考博英语 责任编辑:蒋磊 2020-03-16
摘要:希赛网英语考试频道为大家分享“2017年中国社会科学院考博英语真题”,更多考博英语相关信息,请关注希赛网英语考试频道。

2017年中国社会科学院考博英语真题(完整版)

格式:PDF 大小:76929.45KB

希赛网考博英语为广大考生整理出2017年中国社会科学院考博英语真题,查看文末,下载考博英语真题PDF(完整版)。希赛网考博英语真题持续更新中,请关注希赛网考博英语频道。

PART I: Cloze (20 points)

Directions: Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank.

During the mid–1980s, my family and I spent a __ (1) __ year in the historic town of St.Andrews, Scotland. Comparing life there with life in America, we were impressed by a __ (2) __ disconnection between national wealth and well-being. To most Americans, Scottish life would have seemed __ (3) __. Incomes were about half that in the U.S. Among families in the Kingdom of Fife surrounding St. Andrews, 44 percent did not own a car, and we never met a family that owned two. Central heating in this place __ (4) __ south of Iceland was, at that time, still a luxury.

In hundreds of conversations during our year there and during three half summer stays since, we___(5)___ notice that, ___(6)___ their simpler living, the Scots appeared ___(7)___ joyful than Americans. We heard complaints about Margaret Thatcher, but never about being underpaid or unable to afford wants.

Within any country, such as our own, are rich people happier? In poor countries, being relatively well off does make __ (8) __ somewhat better well off. But in affluent countries, where nearly everyone can afford life’s necessities, increasing affluence matters __ (9) __ little. In the U.S., Canada, and Europe, the correlation between income and happiness is, as University of Michigan researcher noted in a 1980s 16–nation study, “virtually __ (10) __”.Happiness is lower __ (11) __ the very poor. But once comfortable, more money provides diminishing returns.

Even very rich people are only slightly happier than average. With net worth all ___(12)___ $100 million, providing ___(13)___ money to buy things they don’t need and hardly care about, 4 in 5 of the 49 people responding to survey agreed that “Money can increase or decrease happiness,depending on how it is used”. And some were indeed unhappy. One fabulously __ (14) __ man said he could never remember being happy. One woman reported that money __ (15) __ misery caused by her children’s’ problems.

At the other end of life’s circumstances are most victims of disabling tragedies. Yet, remarkably,most eventually recover a near-normal level of day-to-day happiness. Thus, university students who must cope with disabilities are __ (16) __ able-bodied students to report themselves happy, and their friends agree with their self-perceptions.

We have __ (17) __ the American dream of achieved wealth and well-being by comparing rich and unrich countries, and rich and unrich people. That leaves the final question: Over time, does happiness rise with affluence?

Typically not. Lottery winners appear to gain but a temporary jolt of joy from their winnings.On a small scale, a jump in our income can boost our morale, for a while. But in the long run,neither an ice cream cone nor a new car nor becoming rich and famous produces the same feelings of delight that it initially ___(18)___. Happiness is not the result of being rich, but a __ (19) __ consequence of having recently become richer. Wealth, it therefore seems, is like health: Although its utter absence can breed misery, having it does not guarantee happiness. Happiness is __ (20) __ a matter of getting what we want than of wanting what we have.

1. a. underpaid b. prosperous c. affluent d. sabbatical

2. a. assumed b. seeming c. seemed d. seemly

3. a. precarious b. imprudent c. spartan d. gallant

4. a. not far b. as far as c. far from d. far to

5. a. virtually b. remarkably c. ideally d. repeatedly

6. a. forasmuch b. despite c. considering d. inasmuch

7. a. no less b. less c. more d. no more

8. a. for b. up c. out d. over

9. a. scarely b. intentionally c. surprisingly d. provisionally

10. a. diminishing b. negligible c. tripled d. perceivable

11. a. in b. on c. upon d. among

12. a. exceeded b. exceeding c. excess d. excessive

13. a. utter b. messy c. greedy d. ample

14. a. prosperous b. triumphant c. jubilant d. victorious

15. a. could undo b. could intensify c. could not undo d. could not intensify

16. a. as plausible as b. not as plausible as c. as likely as d. not as likely as

17. a. ventilated b. deliberated c. speculated d. scrutinized

18. a. does b. did c. has done d. is

19. a. new b. favorite c. temporary d. normal

20. a. more b. less c. better d. worse

点击进入:2017中国社会科学院考博英语真题在线演练,获取完整真题及答案解析

考博英语自学神器中国社会科学院-希赛学习包

版权辅导教材+推荐自学计划+在线智能题库+知识点练习+入群共同学习+1-2年服务期。

考博英语培训课程中国社会科学院-希赛课程

结合历年考试真题,辅以相关理论知识,以轻松、简化的语言教授,让学生迅速掌握知识点及做题技巧。

考博英语历年真题:中国社会科学院历年真题汇总

通过历年考试真题,复查考试知识点,检查自我的同时,也能了解该校考博英语侧重点。

2017年中国社会科学院考博英语真题(完整版)

格式:PDF 大小:76929.45KB
温馨提示:因考试政策、内容不断变化与调整,本网站提供的以上信息仅供参考,如有异议,请考生以权威部门公布的内容为准!

通关方案

  • 在线辅导
  • 高效学习
  • 通用考博英语冲刺班视频教程

    讲师:希赛网 价格:464 元
    全面精讲,覆盖核心考点,网络直播课堂讲解,课后录播,高效备考。
    立即报名
  • 全国医学统考考博英语真题讲解视频教程

    讲师:Ashley 价格:398.4 元
    全面精讲,覆盖核心考点,网络直播课堂讲解,课后录播,高效备考。
    立即报名