违法和不良信息举报 客服热线:400-111-9811

2016年中国社会科学院考博英语真题

中国社会科学院 责任编辑:蒋磊 2019-08-15
摘要:希赛网英语考试频道为大家分享“2016年中国社会科学院考博英语真题”,更多考博英语相关信息,请关注希赛网英语考试频道。

2016年攻读博士学位研究生入学考试试卷(英语)

希赛网考博英语为广大考生整理出2016年中国社会科学院考博英语真题,供大家参考学习。希望能为大家在考博中提供到帮助。

PART I: Cloze (20 points)

Directions: Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank.

Production workers must be able to do statistical quality control. Production workers must be able to do just-in-time inventories. Managers are increasingly shifting from a "don't think, do what you are told" to a "think, I am not going to tell you what to do" style of management.

This shift occurs not because today's managers are more ___(1)___ than yesterday's managers,but because the evidence is mounting that the second style of management is more ___(2)___ than the first style of management. But this means that problems of training and motivating the work force both become more central and require different models of behavior.

To be on top of this situation, tomorrow's managers will have to have strong background in organizational psychology, human relations, and labor ___(3)___. The MIT Sloan School of quickly management attempts to ___(4)___ our understanding in these areas through research and then quickly bring the ___(5)___ of this new research to our students so that they can be leading-edge managers when it comes to the human side of the equation.

The first three decades after World War II were ___(6)___ in ___(7)___ the United States had a huge technological lead ___(8)___ all the rest in the world. In a very real sense, ___(9)___ technological competitive. American firms did not have to worry about their technological competitiveness because they were ___(10)___.

But that world has disappeared. Today we live in a world where American firms ___(11)___ have automatic technological ___(12)___. In some areas they are still ahead, in some areas they are ___(13)___, and in some areas they are behind, but on average, they are average.

___(14)___ this means is that American managers have to understand the forces of technical change in ways ___(15)___ were not necessary in the past. Conversely, managers from the rest of the world know that it is now possible for them to dominate their American competitors if they understand the forces of technical change better than their American competitors do.

In the world of tomorrow managers cannot be technologically ___(16)___ ___(17)___ their functional tasks within the firm. They don't have to be scientists or engineers inventing new technologies, ___(18)___ they have to be managers who understand when to bet and when not bet on new technologies. If they ___(19)___ what is going on and technology effectively becomes a black box, they ___(20)___ to make the changes. They will be losers, not winners.

1. a. enlightened b. enlightening c. enlightenment d. enlighten

2. a. sterile b. producing c. productive d. extravagant

3. a. economics b. economic c. economy d. economies

4. a. take b. arouse c. rise d. advance

5. a. results b. evidence c. content d. fruits

6. a. usual b. flawed c. unusual d. unessential

7. a. which b. / c. that d. those

8. a. by b. over c. on d. upon

9. a. was the world not b. the world was not

c. did the world be not d. was not the world

10. a. superior b. super c. inferior d. junior

11. a. still b. even c. neither d. no longer

12. a. superiority b. inferiority c. majority d. minority

13. a. common b. average c. ignorant d. exceptional

14. a. How b. That c. What d. Which

15. a. that b. they c. those d. who

16. a. illiterate b. sophisticated c. literate d. omniscient

17. a. regardless b. in spite of c. despite d. regardless of

18. a. and b. likewise c. furthermore d. but

19. a. didn’t understand b. don't understand

c. haven’t understood d. hadn’t understood

20. a. failed b. would have failed

c. would fail d. would be failed

提示:2016年中国社会科学院考博英语真题完整版请到附件中下载。

2016年中国社会科学院考博英语真题

格式:PDF 大小:80985.22KB
温馨提示:因考试政策、内容不断变化与调整,本网站提供的以上信息仅供参考,如有异议,请考生以权威部门公布的内容为准!

延伸阅读

英语
更多精彩内容请关注
英语微信公众号

英语
扫码加入英语QQ群
(群号:701601765)

+点击加入

备考方案

  • 直播班
  • 强化班
  • 2020年复旦大学考博英语网络直播班

    讲师:Cloris

    价格:2988 元

    VIP培训计划,覆盖核心考点,锁定高分助力通关,19年专业在线。
    立即报名
  • 2020年武汉大学考博英语网络强化班

    讲师:Crystal

    价格:2988元

    全面精讲,覆盖核心考点,锁定高分助力通关,19年专业在线
    立即报名