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首页 > 英语 > 模拟试题 > 2019年12月英语四级全套模拟试卷(第4套)

2019年12月英语四级全套模拟试卷(第4套)

  • 谷兰
  • 四六级
  • 2019-10-10
  • 四六级交流群: 701601765
摘要: 2019年下半年备考要准备起来了,希赛网英语频道给大家准备了四级模拟题,下面是四级模拟试卷全套之一,赶紧一起来复习起来吧!

PartⅠ Writing (答题时间30分钟)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Selecting Courses. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 选修课程在大学很普遍

2. 解释其中的原因

3. 你的看法

PartⅡ listening comprehension

Section A (three news reports)略

Section B (two long conversations)略

Section C (three passages)略

PartⅢ reading comprehension(答题时间共40分钟)

Section A

EI NIno is name given to the masterious and often unpredictable change in the climate of the world.This strange __1__ happens every five to eight years.It starts in the PAacific Ocean and is thought to be caused by a failure in the trade winds(信风),which affects the ocean currents driven by these winds. As the trade winds lessen in __2__, the ocean comperatures rise causing the Peru current flowing in form the east to warm up by as much as 5°C.

The warming of the ocean has far-reaching effects.The hot,humid(潮湿的)air over the ocean causes severe __3__ thunderstorms.The rainfall is increased acrossAounth American __4__ floods to Peru.In the West pacific,there are droughts affecting Australia and Indonesia.So while some parts of the world perpare for heavy rains and floods,other parts face drought,poor crops and __5__.

EI Nino usually lasts for about 18 months The 1982-83 EI Nino brough the most __6__weather in mordern history. Its effect was worldwide and it left more than 2,000 people dead and caused over eight billion pounds __7__ of damage.The 1990 EI Nino will __9__, but they are still not __10__ sure what leads to it or what affects how strong it will be.

[A] estimate

[B] strength

[C] deliberately

[D] notify

[E] tropical

[F] phenomenon

[G] stable

[H] attraction

[I] completely

[J] destructive

[K] starvation

[L] bringing

[M] exhaustion

[N] worth

[O] strike

Section B

Directions:In this section,you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it.Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs.Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived.You may choose a paragraph more than once.Each paragraph is marked with a letter Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

Driver’s License Test Tips

A.This article will provide you with some simple tips for passing your driver’s license test.Adequate preparation is absolutely essential,without which any number of driver’s license test tips will be redundant.

B.Getting a driver’s license is a big step in anyone’s life.It gives an individual the luxury to drive a car anytime he or she pleases,as driving without passing a driver’s license test is against the law.

For some people,the stress can be too much to handle and as a result they may mess up on the driver’s license test.There are some simple driver’s license test tips that anyone can follow,to be assured of passing the test and getting their driver’s license.

C.The most important of all the tips for passing your driver’s license test is to be prepared.This can only be achieved by you through hours and hours of sincere and diligent practice.If you are not sufficiently prepared for your driver’s license test,all the driver’s license tips for passing your driver’slicense test will be utterly pointless and redundant.You can read as many drivers’license test tips as you want,but if you are not practicing enough,then all these driving test tips will be in vain.Enroll ing yourself in driving schools is advisable for this purpose.

D.Now,if you’re wondering how to prepare for your driving test,the first thing you need to know is what the driving test instructors and officials are going to be looking for.The following are the qualities that the instructors will be on the lookout for and also the parameters that the scoring will be conducted on.

E)Starting the vehicle:The instructor will be observing you right from the time you start the vehicle.

He will note if you tum your head to look back and if you follow all the safety regulations that are required to be followed while starting a vehicle.Here are some tips on learning to drive a car.

F)Control of the vehicle:He will pay close attention to how much control you actually have over the vehicle.Your abilities with the gas pedal,the brake,the steering wheel and other controls will be scrutinized.

G)Steering:Not many road test tips stress on the importance of steering.This quality is closely ana.

lyzed by the instructor and obviously if your steering is wayward(任性的),the chances of passing the driver’s license test are very slim.

H)Driving in traffic:Keeping calm and avoiding panic attacks while driving in traffic is of utmost importance.Many people get extremely stressed and nervous,when they are in the midst of traffic and one of the very crucial tips to pass road test for driver’s license is to stay calm and composed when driving in traffic.Also read more on road safety and car safety.

I)Traffic signs and lane discipline:This is another area that the instructors will be rating you on.Your ability to observe lane discipline and your recognition of the various traffic signs plays a major role in your passing the test.Keep these driver’s license test tips in mind to pass the test in your veryfirst attempt.

J)Stopping:Stopping the car smoothly and at the right place is a critical skill to have.When the in. structor asks you to stop the car,the timing,the positioning and the technique of doing so are important driving test tips to bear in mind.

K)Backing up and distance judgment:Your backing up skills and your ability to judge the distances

between your vehicle and other entities will also be carefully scrutinized.If you cannot back up your vehicle satisfactorily ,parking would be very troublesome for you and a major source of hazard to you and to others around you.

L)Hill parking:One of the essential tips for passing your driver’s license test is to master the art of hill parking.This is not as easy as it seems and can become a major source of anxiety in a driver.If you can display good skills at hill parking,it proves that you have developed good control over the vehicle.

M)Arm signals and driving etiquette:Another aspect that you will be judged on is your efficiency at giving the right arm signals at the right time.Your respect for other drivers on the road and the amount of courtesy you show them also plays a part in your final rating on the driver’s license test.

Read more about defensive driving techniques and tips and defensive driving courses.

N)Drivers who are well aware and informed about all the rules and regulations that need to be followed have a beRer chance of clearing their driver’s license test.The primary goal of these driver,slicense test tips is to instill(慢慢灌输)a responsible and mature frame of mind in every individ.

ual.These road test tips will be pointless unless you develop a calm demeanor and tmless you are aware of all the rules that must be followed while driving.

O)Here are a few more basic drivers’license test tips that you should keep in mind when vou,re leaming how to prepare for your driving test.Always use the restroom before your test begins.Not doing so will cause more anxiety during the test.Memorize all the traffic signs and their significance well in advance before the test.Use your rear view mirrors efficiently and regularly.Ensure that you are well on time for your test and are carrying all the required documents and paperwork.Get adequate sleep the previous night and do not give the test with an empty stomach.Stick to the permitted speed limit.Do not drive too fast and do not drive too slow either.

P)Passing a driver’s license test is not simple and unless you are well versed in driver education.You could face a lot of difficulties.At the end of the day,remember that the instructors also want you to pass the test,so do your best to stay calm and composed and believe in your ability to pass the test.

This cannot be reinstated enough,but the key to passing your driver’s license test is practice.

46.According to this article,the importance of steering is emphasized by not many road test tips.

47.Your timing,positioning and technique should be considered by yourself when you stoD your test car.

48.Some people may fail their driver’s license tests because they have too much stress.

49.Hill parking as one of the essential tips for your license test seems easV.

50.The tips in this article primarily aimed at instilling a responsible and mature frame of mind in you.

51.In order to pass your driver’s license test.you should practice.

52.Your driver’s license test begins in practice when you start your test car.

53.During the preparation process,a few more basic tips should be kept in mind.

54.You should sleep adequately the night before your test.

55.A lot of difficulties could be faced if you are not well versed in driver education.

Section C

Passage One

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions orunfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C andD . You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on AnswerSheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

It’s very interesting to note where the debate about diversity(多样化) is taking place. It is taking place primarily in political circles. Here at the College Fund, we have a lot of contact with top corporate(公司的) leaders; none of them is talking about getting rid of those instruments that produce diversity. In fact, they say that if their companies are to compete in the global village and in the global market place,diversity. In fact, they say that if their companies are to compete in the global village and in the global market place, diversity is an imperative. They also say that the need for talented, skilled Americans means we have to expand the pool of potential employees. And in looking at where birth rates are growing andat where the population is shifting, corporate America understands that expanding the pool means promotingpolicies that help provide skills to more minorities, more women and more immigrants. Corporate leaders know that if that does not occur in our society, they will not have the engineers, the scientists, the lawyers, or the business managers they will need.

Likewise, I don’t hear people in the academy saying.”Let’s go backward. Let’s go back to the good old days, when we had a meritocracy(不拘一格选人才)” (which was never true-we never had a meritocracy, although we’ve come closer to it in the last 30 years.) I recently visited a great little college in New York where the campus has doubled its minority population in the last six years. I talked with an African American who has been a professor there for a long time, and she remembers that when she first joined the community, there were fewer than a handful of minorities on campus. Now, all of us feel the university is betterbecause corporate board rooms or on college campuses.

练习题:

Choose correct answers to the question:

1.The word”imperative”(Line5,Para.1) most probably refers to something _____

A.Superficial

B.remarkable

C.debatable

D.essential

2.Which of the following groups of people still differ in their views on diversity?

A. Minorities.

B. Politicians.

C. Professors.

D. Managers.

3.High corporate leaders seem to be in favor of promoting diversity so as to ______

A. lower the rate of unemployment

B. win equal political rights for minorities

C. be competitive in the world market

D. satisfy the demands of a growing population

4.It can be inferred from the passage that _____

A. meritocracy can never be realized without diversity

B. American political circles will not accept diversity

C. it is unlikely that diversity will occur in the U.S. Media

D. minorities can only enter the fields were no debate is heard about diversity

5.According to the passage diversity can be achieved in American society by ____

A. expanding the pool of potential employees

B. promoting policies that provide skills to employees

C. training more engineers, scientists lawyers and business managers

D. providing education for all regardless of race or sex

Passage Two

People become quite illogical when they try to decide what can be eaten and what cannot be eaten. If you lived in the Mediterranean, for instance, you would consider octopus a great delicacy. You would not be able to understand why some people find it repulsive. On the other hand, your stomach would turn at the idea of frying potatoes in animal fat -- the normally accepted practice in many northern countries. The sad truth is that most of us have been brought up to eat certain foods and we stick to them all our lives.

No creature has received more praise and abuse than the common garden snail. Cooked in wine, snails are a great luxury in various parts of the world. There are countless people who, ever since their early years, have learned to associate snails with food. My friend, Robert, lives in a country where snails are despised. As his flat is in a large town, he has no garden of his own. For years he has been asking me to collectsnails from my garden and take them to him. The idea never appealed to me very much, but one day, after heavy shower, I happened to be walking in my garden when I noticed a huge number of snails taking a stroll on some of my prize plants. Acting on a sudden impulse, I collected several dozen, put them in a paper bag,and took them to Robert. Robert was delighted to see me and equally pleased with my little gift. I left the bag in the hall and Robert and I went into the living room where we talked for a couple of hours. I had forgotten all about the snails when Robert suddenly said that I must stay to dinner. Snails would, of course, be the main dish. I did not fancy the idea and I reluctantly followed Robert out of the room. To our dismay, we saw that there were snails everywhere: they had escaped from the paper bag and had taken complete possession of the hall! I have never been able to look at a snail since then.

练习题:

Choose correct answers to the question:

1.The underlined word “repulsive” in Paragraph 1 most probably means“_____”.

A.disgusting B. pleasant C. acceptable D. delicious

2.We can infer from Paragraph 3 that when collecting the snails, the author____ .

A.was glad that he could share them with his friend

B.was angry because they might damage his beloved plants

C.was excited about being able to give his friend a surprise

D.was depressed because it was hard to catch them all

3.The author finds that snails _______ .

A. are as delicious as octopus

B. are disliked in his hometown

C.are the most controversial food

D. are as popular as fried potatoes

4.The best title for the passage might be “______”?

A.One Man’s Meat is Another Man’s Poison

B.Foods and Cultures

C.Snail and Octopus

D.People Are Illogical in Front of Delicacies

5.As indicated in the passage,people love different foods mainly because____

A.they live in different places.

B.they learn to eat certain foods in their families

C.they have different understanding of delicacy

D.they are too illogical to explain

Part IV Translation ( 答题时间30分钟 )

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer sheet 2.

针灸是中医学的重要组成部分。按照中医的经络理论,针灸疗法主要是通过疏通经络、调和气血,来达到阴阳归于平衡,使脏腑趋于调和之目的。其特点是“内病外治”。主要疗法是用针刺入病人身体的一定穴位,或用艾火的温热刺激烧灼病人的穴位,以达到刺激经络。治疗病痛的目的。针灸以其独特的优势,流传至今并传播到了世界,与中餐、功夫、中药一起被海外誉为中国的“新四大国粹”。

参考答案:

PartⅠ Writing

Selecting Courses

Recently, people in growing numbers show their concern about selecting courses. In some colleges, students are permitted to pick out their course’s professors freely. The reasons are listed as follows:

In the first place, students can choose the teacher according to their interests, which will be helpful for their future careers. Besides, selecting courses can reduce the rate of students’ absence indirectly for students usually choose their favorite teachers.

As far as I am concerned, every coin has two sides. On the one hand, students may learn the course better, because they may choose the professor they liked. On the other hand, if the professor who is very popular and a great number of students would like to attend his/her course。

PartⅢ reading comprehension

Section A  PBELKJNAOI

Section B  BLNCEOOP

Section C Passage One  DBCAD

Section C Passage Two ABCAB

Part IV Translation

参考译文:

Acupuncture is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In accordance with the “main and collateral channels” theory in TCM, the purpose of acupuncture is to dredge the channel and regulate qi and blood, so as to keep the body’s yin and yang balanced and achieve reconciliation between the internal organs. It features in traditional Chinese medicine that “internal diseases are to be treated with external therapy”. The main therapy of acupuncture involves using needles to pierce certain acupoints of the patient’s body, or adopting moxibustion to stimulate the patient’s acupoints so as to stimulate the channels and relieve pain. With its unique advantages, acupuncture has been handed down generation after generation and has now spread all over the world. Nowadays, acupuncture, along with Chinese food, kung fu (otherwise known as Chinese martial arts), and traditional Chinese medicine, has been internationally hailed as one of the “four new national treasures.”

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