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2020年医学考博英语考试大纲变化解读

考博英语 责任编辑:石丽 2020-01-16
摘要:2020年医学考博英语考试大纲与以前有哪些变化?希赛网考博英语频道为您解读,详细内容请阅读全文。

人民卫生出版社出版了2020 版《全国医学博士外语统一考试指南》,这本大纲是全国医学博士英语统考的命题方国家医学考试中心组织编写的。在本文小编将为大家解读新的大纲与以前的版本有何不同。

一、考试简介

1、考试目的

为了配合我国实施医学专业学位制定改革,保证医学博士生学位授予质量,特举行全国医学博士英语统一考试。考试目的在于科学、公正地测试考生掌握和运用英语的实际能力是否达到申请临床医学、口腔医学博士专业学位或攻读医学博士学位的英语水平。

2、考试时间:2020年3月14日上午

3、考试人群

①申请在职医学博士专业学位的考生,必须参加本考试;

②申请全日制医学博士研究生的考生,则依据招生单位的要求参加此项考试。一般全职考生,需提前与招生单位咨询,应该参加全国统一考试,还是参加招生单位的自主命题考试,或者其他的考核办法。

4、考试成绩

自2003年起,在职申请学位考生的考试合格分数线确定为300分(实际卷面分数后加权,具体公式和标准考试中心不对外公布)。

而参加医学博士研究生入学考试的考生,即全职考生,各招生单位实际录取分数线由招生单位自己确定。

即全日制考生面临的压力是:国家参考合格分数线和学校实际录取线。后者往往与招生单位的招生人数、当年报考的状况息息相关,将会面临分数的PK,压力可想而知。

二、考试设计

1、试卷结构

试卷结构

旧版试卷结构

新版试卷结构.png

新版试卷结构

考试各大题型设置没有变化(词汇部分老大纲里“多选”和新大纲“填空”是同一种题型);各部分的题目数量、单位分值及总分维持不变(听力30题,每题1分;词汇20题,每题0.5分;完型10题,每题1分;阅读理解30题,每题1分;写作20分);考试时间以及分值不变。因此试卷结构总体是没有变化的。

2、听力部分

旧版本的听力部分.png

老版听力部分

新版本的听力部分.png

新版本听力部分

变化一:最大的变化就是短对话(short conversation)和长对话(long talk)结合

具体主要提现在以下几个方面:

①题目数量。老版短对话一个对话对应一个题;新版每个对话对应三个题。

②对话轮次。老版短对话中大多数为一问一答的简单形式;新版对话有3个以上的轮次。

③对话主题。老版短对话是直奔主题的医普或者日常生活等内容;新版对话具有多重逻辑,答案不再显而易见。

④考点变化。老版短对话因为听力材料有限,多为细节题;新版对话对话多内容充足,多为大意题和细节题。

2019年真题短对话

试卷试题:

A. minor B. moderate C. intense D. severe

听力录音:

M: How strong is the pain exactly? On a scale of one to ten, how would you describe the intensity of the pain?

W: Well, I’d say the pain is about one on a scale of one to ten. Like I say, it’s not really bad, it just keeps coming back.

Question: Which of the following would best describe the woman’s pain?

2020年大纲样题:

试卷试题:

1. A. Switching to biology chemistry. B. Choosing to be a family physician.

C. Going to college. D. Being a doctor.

2. A. Because of his family’s influence. B. Because of the fact that he’s young.

C. Because of the practical skills he has. D. Because of his love for biology chemistry.

3. A. A strong sense of responsibility. B. Good communicative skills.

C. Excellent health. D. Great patience.

听力录音:对话(题材:人文)

W: Can you tell me about yourself, please?

M: Sure, my name’s Harry, 18 years old, currently studying biology chemistry at school. As you are aware, I hope to pursue a career in medicine.

W: Harry, why do you want to be a doctor?

M: Well, everyone in my family is a doctor, so I think I can follow on nicely.

W: Apart from treating patients, what do you think being a doctor is going to require?

M: Well, you also need to be academic have to be an excellent communicator with your team the patients.

Question No. 1: What are the two speakers talking about?

Question No. 2: Why does Harry choose to be a doctor?

Question No. 3: What is mentioned by Harry as one of the requirements for a doctor?

变化二:老版短文(passage)是2篇短文对应10个题,现在短文有5篇短文对应15个题(每个对话对应3个题)。

短文旨在测试考生对英语篇章的听力理解能力。要求考生能理解所听短文的中心思想和主要内容,并能根据所听到的内容进行逻辑推理、分析概括和归纳总结。

题型包括大意概括题(Questions for the general idea)、具体细节题(Questions for specific details)和判断推理题(Questionsfor inference)。每篇短文附有 3 个小题,每个小题附有 4 个选项,要求考生在听完每篇短文后,根据所听内容于 12 秒内从中选出 1 个最佳答案。短文及问题只读一遍。

短文长度变短,题目变少,对我们的速记、大脑记忆以及考试的精准度是好消息。

2020年大纲样题:

We commonly think that our health is affected by our age, gender,lifestyle and genetic factors that we inherit from our parents. However, thesefactors are only a small part of what affects our health. Other factors includeour social relationships, income, education and working conditions. Let's lookat stress for example. Unemployment or poor working conditions create unstablelife situations and cause stress, which has negative effects on health. Onemajor factor, education, determines income or employment. However, even if youare employed, some workplace conditions, such as lack of flexibility andcontrol over your workday can cause stress. As you can see, many complex socialprocesses and other factors are connected with one another to affect ourhealth. Studying how these factors work together in large populations is achallenge for researchers and that is what we would like to look at next.

Question number 16: What is the passage mainly about?

Question number 17: What does the speaker intend to say by mentioningstress?

Question number 18: What does the speaker call for at the end of thepassage?

3、写作部分

三种题型:摘要、翻译、命题作文,新大纲对旧大纲写作要求进行了细化,以前一直选择的摘要作文来作为考题,新大纲里增加了命题作文。翻译比摘要写作难度更小,因为无需自己归纳总结,而命题作文与四六级和考研英语要求更加贴近了,同学们一定对命题作文里模板的力量不陌生。因此,写作部分三种题型中,摘要写作是难度最高。

虽然2020年医学考博英语考试大纲有了变化,但是万变不离其宗,打好英语基础,并且掌握一定的考试技巧,一定能够有的放矢,最终取得成功。祝各位医生,来年考试顺利通过。

温馨提示:因考试政策、内容不断变化与调整,本网站提供的以上信息仅供参考,如有异议,请考生以权威部门公布的内容为准!

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