2021年考研英语一翻译题真题及答案

考研英语 责任编辑:胡陆 2020-09-09
摘要:2021年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试将于12月26日开考,届时小编将会第一时间跟进2020年考研英语一真题及答案的。更多相关资讯,请关注希赛网考研英语频道。

2021年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试时间安排在12月26日下午14:00-15:00,考试时长为3个小时。考后大家最为关心的就是本次的考试真题及考后答案,小编将在考后为大家及时跟进考研英语一真题,请大家先收藏好此页面。以下是2020年考研英语一小作文试题及答案,可以先作为参考。

Part C

Directions:

Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Your translation should be written neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

Following the explosion of creativity in Florence during the 14th century known as the Renaissance, the modern world saw a departure from what it had once known.It turned from God and the authority of the Roman Catholic Church and instead favoured a more humanistic approach to being. Renaissance ideas had spread throughout Europe well into the 17th century,with the arts and sciences flourishing extraordinarily among those with a more logical disposition. 46.With (the gap between) the Church's teachings and ways of thinking being eclipsed by the Renaissance, the gap between the Medieval and modern periods had been bridged, leading to new and unexplored intellectual territories.

During the Renaissance, the great minds of Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Kepler and Galileo Galilei demonstrated the power of scientific study and discovery. 47. Before each of their revelations. many thinkers at the time had sustained more ancient ways of thinking, including the Ptolemaic and Aristotlean geocentric view that the Earth was at the centre of our universe.Copernicus theorised in 1543 that in actual fact, all of the planets that we knew of revolved not around the Earth, but the Sun, a system that was later upheld by Galileo at his own expense.Offering up such a theory during a time of high tension between scientific and religious minds was branded as heresy, and any such heretics that continued to spread these lies were to be punished by imprisonment or even death. Galileo was excommunicated by the Church and imprisoned for life for his astronomical observations and his support of the heliocentricprinciple.

48.Despite attempts by the Church to strong-arm this new generation of logicians and rationalists, more explanations for how the universe functioned were being made, and at a ratethat the people一including the Church一could no longer ignore. It was with these great revelations that a new kind of philosophy founded in reason was born.

The Church's long- standing dogma was losing the great battle for truth to rationalists and scientists. This very fact embodied the new ways of thinking that swept through Europe during most of the 17th century. 49. As many took on the duty of trying to integrate reasoning and scientific philosophies into the world. The Renaissance was over and it was time for a new era-the Age of Reason.

The 17th and 18th centuries were times of radical change and curiosity. Scientific method,reductionism and the questioning of Church ideals was to be encouraged, as were ideas of liberty, tolerance and progress. 50. Such actions to seek knowledge and to understand what information we already knew were captured by the Latin phrase ‘sapere aude' or‘dare to know', after Immanuel Kant used it in his essay An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment?. It was the purpose and responsibility of great minds to go forth and seek out the truth, which they believed to be founded in knowledge.

参考答案:

46.随着文艺复兴使教会的指导和思考方式黯然失色,中世纪和现代的差距已然扩大,导向崭新的和未经探索的知识领域。

47.在他们任何一位揭露事实之前,当时的许多思想家维持着更为古老的思考方式,包括地心说的观点,即地球是宇宙的中心。

48.尽管教会尝试去压制新- -代的逻辑学家和理性主义者,但更多对宇宙如何运行的探索以- -种人们无法忽视的速度不断开展。

49.许多人负起责任,尝试将理性与科学的哲学融入这个世界,文艺复兴结束,是时候走进新时代了。

50.一个拉丁语的短语表达了这种寻求知识并理解我们已知信息的行动: ’sapereaude',或‘敢于求知’。

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